Archive | Embryology

Meiotic Divisions and Reduction of Chromosomes | Gametogenesis | Embryology

In this article we will discuss about the role of meiotic divisions in reduction of chromosomes. The somatic (body) cells in multicellular animals have, as a rule, a diploid or double number of chromosomes; that is, apart from some exceptions due to the pres­ence of sex chromosomes, every kind of chromosome in the set is represented by a pair of [...]

By |2018-04-30T10:44:14+00:00April 30, 2018|Gametogenesis|Comments Off on Meiotic Divisions and Reduction of Chromosomes | Gametogenesis | Embryology

Functions of the Spermatozoon | Gametogenesis | Embryology

The function of the spermatozoon, for which its whole organization is adapted, is to reach the egg and, by fusing with the egg, to cause the egg to start developing and to transmit to the developing embryo the paternal genes. In most cases this means that the spermatozoon must have a high degree of mobility, and in fact, the organization [...]

By |2018-04-30T10:44:14+00:00April 30, 2018|Gametogenesis|Comments Off on Functions of the Spermatozoon | Gametogenesis | Embryology

Growth of the Oocyte | Oogenesis | Gametogenesis | Embryology

In the female sex the first stage of the development of gametes is similar to that found in spermatogenesis – the oogonia—the cells eventually giving rise to the eggs— undergo proliferation by mitotic divisions. They then become oocytes and enter a peri­od of growth. Owing to the fact that the egg contributes the greater part of the sub­stances used in [...]

By |2018-04-30T10:44:14+00:00April 30, 2018|Oogenesis|Comments Off on Growth of the Oocyte | Oogenesis | Gametogenesis | Embryology